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Vaněk, A., Z. Grösslová, M. Mihaljevič, J. Trubač, V. Ettler, L. Teper, J. Cabala, J. Rohovec, T. Zádorová, V. Penížek, L. Pavlů, O. Holubík, K. Němeček, J. Houška, O. Drábek and C. Ash (2016). Isotopic tracing of thallium contamination in soils affected by emissions from coal-fired power plants. Environmental Science & Technology 50, 18, 9864-9871.

 

 

Abstract

 

Here, for the first time, we report the thallium (Tl) isotope record in moderately contaminated soils with contrasting land management (forest and meadow soils), which have been affected by emissions from coal-fired power plants. Our findings clearly demonstrate that Tl of anthropogenic (high-temperature) origin with light isotope composition was deposited onto the studied soils, where heavier Tl (ε205Tl ~ −1) naturally occurs. The results show a positive linear relationship (R2 = 0.71) between 1/Tl and the isotope record, as determined for all the soils and bedrocks, also indicative of binary Tl mixing between two dominant reservoirs. We also identified significant Tl isotope variations within the products from coal combustion and thermo-desorption experiments with local Tl-rich coal pyrite. Bottom ash exhibited the heaviest Tl isotope composition205Tl ~ 0), followed by fly ash205Tl between −2.5 and −2.8) and volatile Tl fractions205Tl between −6.2 and −10.3), suggesting partial Tl isotope fractionations. Despite the evident role of soil processes in the isotope redistributions, we demonstrate that Tl contamination can be traced in soils and propose that the isotope data represent a possible tool to aid our understanding of postdepositional Tl dynamics in surface environments for the future.